Electric Blue Ram Cichlid: Appearance, Lifespan, Size, Diet, Care, Tank Mates, Breeding & More

The electric blue ram cichlid is a stunning and sought-after freshwater fish in the aquarium hobby. Its vibrant blue coloration, peaceful temperament, and unique physical features make it a beautiful addition to any tank.

This blog post will explore the appearance, lifespan, size, diet, care requirements, tank mates, breeding, and more of the electric blue ram cichlid.

Whether you’re an experienced fish keeper or a beginner, this guide will provide all the information you need to care for this beautiful fish successfully.

What is an Electric Blue Ram Cichlid?

The electric blue ram cichlid, or the Mikrogeophagus ramirezi, is a beautiful and eye-catching freshwater fish in the aquarium hobby. It is a color strain of the German ram cichlid, native to South America. These fish are commonly found in the Orinoco River Basin in Venezuela and Colombia.

Electric blue rams have a vibrant blue hue with shimmery and iridescent scales. Under certain lighting conditions, you may also notice hints of green, yellow, and purple. The head and belly are usually grayish.

They have long-rayed fins, highlighted by high-contrast black stripes on the leading edge of the dorsal and pectoral fins. The most striking feature is their bright red eyes, often with a dot or stripe of black.

Appearance and Characteristics


The Electric Blue Ram Cichlid is r fish known for its vibrant electric blue coloration. This coloration covers its entire body, including its fins. The body shape of the Electric Blue Ram is similar to that of other Cichlids, with a flat forehead and elongated pelvic fins. One of this species’ most notable physical features is the black spot on its side, just below the dorsal fin. This spot is more prominent in males and is called the “electric blue ram eye.”

The fins of the Electric Blue Ram are typically long and flowing, adding to its overall graceful appearance. The combination of its striking blue coloration and elegant body shape makes the Electric Blue Ram a highly sought-after species by aquarists.

Lifespan and Size

The average lifespan of an Electric Blue Ram Cichlid

The average lifespan of an Electric Blue Ram Cichlid is typically around 2-4 years. Several factors, including water quality, diet, and overall tank conditions, can affect their lifespan. Providing a well-maintained aquarium with suitable tank mates, proper nutrition, and regular water changes is essential for their longevity.

Electric Blue Rams are sensitive to water parameters, and any fluctuations or poor water quality can impact their health and lifespan. Monitoring water parameters such as temperature, pH, and ammonia levels regularly and making necessary adjustments is crucial.

Additionally, maintaining a balanced diet comprising high-quality pellets, frozen or live foods, and occasional vegetable matter can promote their overall health and lifespan.

Remember that providing proper care, maintaining a suitable environment, and addressing any health issues are essential in maximizing the potential lifespan of Electric Blue Rams.

Typical size of an adult Electric Blue Ram Cichlid

The typical size of an adult Electric Blue Ram Cichlid is around an inch and a half long, making them relatively small compared to other cichlid species. However, it’s worth noting that some specimens can grow even bigger, with some reaching up to three inches in length through a combination of genetics and excellent care.

To ensure the healthy growth of Electric Blue Rams, providing them with appropriate tank conditions and adequate space to swim and establish their territories is essential.

Diet and Feeding

Natural diet of Electric Blue Rams in the wild

Electric Blue Rams feed on various small insects, larvae, and crustaceans in the wild. They are opportunistic feeders and will also consume plant matter and algae. Their natural diet consists of a mix of protein-rich foods and vegetables.

To replicate their natural diet in captivity, providing them with a balanced diet that combines high-quality dry foods and live or frozen foods is essential. Some suitable food options for captive Electric Blue Rams include:

  • High-quality flake or pellet food specifically formulated for cichlids.
  • Live or frozen foods include brine shrimp, bloodworms, daphnia, and mosquito larvae.
  • Vegetable matter such as blanched spinach, peas, or spirulina flakes.

They must vary their diet to ensure they receive all the necessary nutrients. Feeding them small portions multiple times a day is recommended, as they have small stomachs and can easily become overfed.

Regular water changes should be done to maintain good water quality and prevent any digestive issues.

Best food options for captive Electric Blue Rams

Regarding feeding captive Electric Blue Rams, it is vital to provide a well-balanced diet to ensure their health and vibrancy. Here are some of the best food options for these beautiful cichlids:

  • High-Quality Pellets: Look for high-quality pellets specifically formulated for cichlids. These pellets should contain a mix of protein, vitamins, and minerals to support the overall health of your Electric Blue Rams.
  • Live or Frozen Foods: Rams enjoy live or frozen foods such as bloodworms, brine shrimp, daphnia, and small insects. These foods provide essential nutrients and mimic their natural diet in the wild.
  • Flake Foods: Flake foods can also be included in their diet, but it is best to use a high-quality flake with a good balance of protein and plant matter.
  • Fresh Vegetables: Occasionally, you can offer small amounts of blanched vegetables like spinach, lettuce, or peas. These provide variety and help with digestion.
  • Supplement with Vitamins: To ensure their nutritional needs are met, consider supplementing their diet with a high-quality fish vitamin supplement.

It is important to feed in small portions multiple times a day rather than one large feeding to mimic the natural grazing behavior of Electric Blue Rams. Remember to remove any uneaten food to maintain water quality.

Feeding frequency and portion sizes

Feeding frequency and portion sizes are important considerations when caring for Electric Blue Ram Cichlids. These fish are omnivores and require a balanced diet of meaty and plant-based foods.

Feeding the Electric Blue Rams 2-3 times a day is recommended, providing them with small portions to consume within a few minutes. It’s essential to monitor the amount of food given to avoid overfeeding, which can cause water quality problems and obesity.

It’s important to note that the portion sizes may vary based on the individual fish’s appetite and metabolism, tank conditions, and activity levels. Regular observation and adjustments to the feeding routine will help maintain the health and vitality of the Electric Blue Rams.

Tank Requirements and Care

Optimal tank size for Electric Blue Rams

The optimal tank size for Electric Blue Rams depends on the number of fish you plan to keep. A minimum tank size of 20 gallons is recommended for a pair of Electric Blue Ram.

However, if you intend to keep a pair or a small group, providing them with a larger tank, preferably 30 gallons or more, is best. A larger tank provides more swimming space and ensures better water quality and stability.

It’s important to note that Electric Blue Rams are territorial fish, especially during the breeding season. Providing ample space and suitable hiding spots, such as caves or plants, can help mitigate conflicts between tank mates and provide a more peaceful environment for everyone.

Ensuring a suitable tank size and environment for your Electric Blue Rams will contribute to their well-being and enhance their vibrant colors and natural behaviors.

Water parameters and temperature requirements

Electric Blue Rams have specific water parameters and temperature requirements to thrive in captivity. They prefer soft and slightly acidic water, with a pH range of 5.0 to 7.0. The ideal temperature range for Electric Blue Rams is between 78°F to 85°F. Maintaining stable water parameters to prevent stress and promote overall health is essential.

Here are the optimal water parameters for Electric Blue Rams:

  • Temperature: 78°F to 85°F
  • pH level: 5.0 to 7.0
  • Water Hardness: 6 to14 dGH

Maintaining the desired temperature in an aquarium is crucial and requires a trustworthy aquarium heater. Additionally, a well-functioning filtration system will help keep the water clean and maintain stable water parameters.

By ensuring optimal water parameters and temperature, you can create a suitable environment for Electric Blue Rams to thrive and showcase their vibrant colors.

Suitable tank mates for Electric Blue Rams

If you want to create a multi-species aquarium, you’re in luck! There are plenty of fantastic options for tank mates. However, keeping a few things in mind is vital to ensure harmony in your underwater community.

First and foremost, it’s crucial to steer clear of any aggressive or predatory fish. Those larger cichlids, for example, are not the best fit. They can overpower the delicate electric blue rams without breaking a sweat.

Another consideration is to avoid live-bearing fish and small invertebrates. They tend to snack on any fry they come across and might mistake smaller shrimp for a tasty meal. It’s better to keep them separate for everyone’s well-being.

It’s also wise to be mindful of the coloration of your tank mates. Electric blue rams can easily mistake other fish with similar bright colors as their kind. This can lead to unnecessary power struggles and confusion.

Now, let’s talk about the exciting part—the potential tank mates! You have many choices, including rasboras, most tetras, gouramis, otocinclus, corydoras, dwarf crayfish, and large shrimp and snail species. With these companions, your aquarium will be a vibrant and lively place to behold.

Remember, creating a harmonious and diverse community in your aquarium is all about making thoughtful choices. By considering aggression levels, diet preferences, and

Breeding and Reproduction

To successfully breed electric blue rams, it is essential to form pairs. This species establishes strong, long-lasting partnerships early, remaining faithful to their chosen mate. It is recommended to buy a group of juvenile electric blue rams and let them form natural pairs. Once you have these established couples, you can set up a tank for breeding.

Keeping the decorations and water conditions consistent with the main tank is vital to provide the best environment for your aquarium. It is recommended to add flat rocks to give female fish a surface to lay their eggs on. Gradually increase the temperature to approximately 82 degrees after introducing the couple. At the same time, provide the fish with high-protein foods to prepare them for the new conditions.

Once prepared, the male will sanitize a flat rock or create a hole beneath the surface. Afterward, the fish will engage in their mating ceremony. Although it may appear aggressive, this behavior is completely natural.

The eggs, numbering up to 300, are placed by the female on a rock or sand pit. It is unnecessary to separate the parents from the eggs. The electric blue rams exhibit a strong sense of protection towards the eggs and alternate their duties in guarding them during the incubation period.

After around three or four days, the eggs will undergo hatching. Approximately five days later, three of them will transform into free-swimming beings. Throughout this process, the parents ensure the safety of the fry, consistently gathering them together into a group or school.

To ensure the young fish remain healthy and continue to grow, offer them infusoria, baby brine shrimp, and powdered food.

Common Health Issues and Diseases


Regrettably, the process of inbreeding employed to separate the required genes for electric blue ram cichlids renders this particular species highly vulnerable to unfavorable water conditions, leading to various health problems they may experience.

This species has no unique illnesses but can experience the typical issues commonly affecting freshwater fish with better resistance. The primary concern is the occurrence of Ich, the most widespread disease to be concerned about.

Ich is a condition triggered by protozoan parasites. If the circumstances are unfavorable, electric blue rams experience stress and become more susceptible. Consequently, this creates an opportunity for the parasites to establish themselves.

Ich is a disease that shows as white dots on the entire body. It can easily spread to other fish in the aquarium if not isolated and treated properly. Thankfully, Ich can be easily cured using medications that can be bought without a prescription. However, if no action is taken, it can result in the death of electric blue rams.

This particular type of species can easily be affected by bacterial infections and fungal issues. Bacterial infections may result in noticeable sores or abnormalities on the fins or body. On the other hand, the fungus tends to develop and spread over the scales.

Proper medications can effectively treat bacterial and fungal infections.

Nevertheless, there is a condition referred to by hobbyists as “new tank syndrome” that cannot always be cured.

This problem happens when you introduce electric blue rams to a recent set-up tank that still needs to complete its cycling process. The tank lacks the necessary bacteria that help convert ammonia into nitrates. As a result, the high number of new fish introduced into the tank significantly increases ammonia levels.

Although the fish appear healthy, they may perish within a few days or weeks. This occurrence is abrupt and frequently occurs without any prior indication.

For a healthy and balanced tank, it is advised to cycle it for six to eight weeks to create a stable habitat and encourage the proliferation of helpful bacteria.

Frequently Asked Questions about Electric Blue Ram Cichlids:

Are Electric Blue Ram Cichlids suitable for beginners?

Electric Blue Rams are not recommended for beginners as they have specific care requirements and can be sensitive to water conditions.

How big do Electric Blue Ram Cichlids get?

The average size of an Electric Blue Ram is around 1.5 inches, with some specimens reaching up to 3 inches with proper care.

What is the lifespan of Electric Blue Ram Cichlids?

Electric Blue Rams typically have a 2-4 years lifespan, but their environment and care can influence this.

What should I feed my Electric Blue Ram Cichlid?

Electric Blue Rams are omnivores and should be fed a varied diet, including high-quality pellets, flakes, frozen foods, and live foods.

Can Electric Blue Rams be kept with other fish?

They can be kept with peaceful community fish that thrive in similar water conditions, but aggressive or fin-nipping fish should be avoided.

How do I determine the gender of an Electric Blue Ram?

Males are usually slightly bigger and have longer dorsal and pelvic fins than females.

How can I encourage breeding behavior in Electric Blue Rams?

Providing optimal water conditions, including temperature and water quality, and offering suitable caves or hiding spots can encourage breeding behavior.

What are some common health problems that Electric Blue Rams may encounter?

Electric Blue Rams are susceptible to diseases like ich and bacterial infections. Regular water changes and a proper diet can help prevent these issues. Researching and consulting with experts is essential to ensure the best care for your specific fish.


In conclusion, the Electric Blue Ram is an exquisite fish that adds a vibrant touch to any freshwater aquarium.

Its brilliant blue coloration and peaceful demeanor makes it popular among fish enthusiasts.

With proper care and suitable tank conditions, these fish can thrive and bring joy to their owners.